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Historical Preservation Area of Trenčín
Trenčín is the most important town of Slovakia's Central Považie region and the seat of the Trenčín Self-Governing Region. Its dominant landmark is the medieval castle, standing on a rock that bears a well-preserved Roman inscription from AD 179. The castle tower is named after the castle's best-known owner, the oligarch Matúš Čák, who ruled over extensive estates at the end of the 13th century and beginning of the 14th century. The medieval town nestling below the castle hill grew up on an ancient trade route along the Váh river. It was built around a road that widened to form an irregularly-shaped market square. Trenčín was granted town privileges in 1412, and its fortifications were built over the course of the 15th century. The Lower Gate is preserved as a remnant of that structure and stands as one of the traditional historical landmarks of this former provincial capital, along with the gothic Parish Church of the Birth of the Virgin Mary (on the slope above the town) and the baroque Church and Monastery of St Francis Xavier (situated in the main square). The preserved historical centre of the town was declared a historical preservation area in 1987.
The obverse side of the coin depicts Trenčín Castle along with a fragmant of the Roman inscription written on the castle rock and an outline of the ramparts. In the lower part of the coin is the state emblem of the Slovak Republic, positioned besov the year 2012 and above the country designation SLOVENSKO. On the right edge are the stylised letters KL, the initials of the obverse side’s designer Karol Ličko.
On the reverse side of the coin there is a design of the Trenčín Historical Preservation Area as viewed from above, showing major architectural landmarks including the castle and triangular square. Along the left-hand edge are the words PAMIATKOVÁ REZERVÁCIA (Historical Preservation Area) and along the right-hand edge is the name TRENČÍN. The denomination 20 EURO appears in the lower-left part of the coin. In the lower part are the mintmark of the Kremnica Mint and the stylised letters MR, the initials of the reverse side’s designer Miroslav Rónai.
Designer: obverse: Karol Ličko
reverse: Miroslav Rónai
Material: Ag 925, Cu 75
Weight: 33,63 g
Diameter: 40 mm
Edge: inscription: “NAJKRAJŠIE HISTORICKÉ MESTÁ” (Most beautiful historical towns)
Producer: Kremnica Mint
Engraver: Dalibor Schmidt
Number of pieces minted: brilliant uncirculated quality: 5,900
proof quality: 7,500
Date of issue: 19 March 2012
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